IJLLL 2016 Vol.2(4): 205-208 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2016.2.4.96

Response with Particle ne in Japanese and Its Relation to wakimae as a Cultural Context: A Discourse Analysis on Culture in Conversation

Filia, Njaju Jenny Malik, and Untung Yuwono
Abstract—This paper discusses responses with particle ne in Japanese conversation and its relation to Japanese culture. It focuses on how Japanese linguistic markers in response used in conversation correspond to culture, called as wakimae. Hence, the understanding of the wakimae influences response realization. By using the qualitative method, this research uses 30 video-taped Japanese talk shows as data. In Japanese linguistics, particle ne known as particle confirmative. It means, speaker believes that hearer knows well than speaker, and then speaker confirm to hearer. But why in giving response, hearer (who become next speaker) needs to use particle ne? The use of particle ne in response has opposite meaning to confirmatory function. Particle ne implies that the speaker who are in the territory of information. In the same time, speaker engages hearer because of alignment and respect. Particle ne in response shows wakimae, the norm that are expected to be obeyed by Japanese speaker. This characteristic of response is not only ruled by speaker’s intention but also by cultural values. These cultural values become important consideration for a speaker to choose utterances of response. Therefore, the notion of wakimae can explain the utterance choice from the perspective of cultural context.

Index Terms—Conversation, response, cultural context, wakimae.

The authors are with the University of Indonesia, Indonesia (e-mail: filiagogo@yahoo.com, filia@ui.ac.id).

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Cite:Filia, Njaju Jenny Malik, and Untung Yuwono, "Response with Particle ne in Japanese and Its Relation to wakimae as a Cultural Context: A Discourse Analysis on Culture in Conversation," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 205-208, 2016.

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