IJLLL 2017 Vol.3(2): 39-44 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2017.3.2.107

Ethnography: Different Life and Customs in Orient and Occident in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando

Sara Bakhshandeh Farajpour
Abstract—By clarifying ethnography, this paper demonstrates the cultural distinctions between Occidental and Oriental lifestyle and customs. In this way, Orlando: A Biography (1928) by Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) is investigated based on the theories of Edward Said (1935-2003), James Clifford (1945- ) and Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) regarding cultural diversities between the Occident and the Orient. By using ethno-methodological and cultural theories, this paper focuses on the cultural diversities between ‘Us’ or West and ‘Them’ or East and the West’s perspectives regarding its cultural strength in comparison to Orientals and ‘Others’ weakness and backwardness which leads to British authority and supremacy over the ‘Others.’ It also displays the prejudices of main character, Orlando regarding non-European people, land and traditions. Throughout the main character’s travel to east, the paper indicates how Woolf compares and analyzes the different ways of Occidental male/female traveler’s gazes and observations toward Oriental people, life, lands and culture. Consequently, it demonstrates the differences and comparisons between Occidental and Oriental lifestyle and custom by stating directly that the Oriental values and culture of East is the polar opposite with her motherland, Britain and it reveals how Woolf as an ethnographer and traveler maps the superiority of British people and culture in comparison to inferiority and weakness of oriental ones.

Index Terms—Ethnography, culture, different lifestyle, different custom, travel.

Sara Bakhshandeh Farajpour is with Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd, Iran (e-mail:bakhshandeh.sara1981@gmail.com).

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Cite:Sara Bakhshandeh Farajpour, "Ethnography: Different Life and Customs in Orient and Occident in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 39-44, 2017.

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