IJLLL 2017 Vol.3(3): 103-109 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2017.3.3.118

Attitude Analysis Surrounding Gender-Related Words in Lelaki Harimau

Lalitia Apsari
Abstract—This corpus-based study is a practice of ATTITUDE analysis as an attempt to detect any inclination regarding themes surrounding gender representation in literature. The focus includes gender-related words gadis, perempuan (female), and lelaki (male) in Lelaki Harimau, a fictional novel by Eka Kurniawan. A combination of rule-based computational methods and manual approaches are used to detect and analyse ATTITUDE-conveying terms which may construct gender representation and identity. Initial evaluation shows that references to aesthetic principles and emotion have more interactions with female gender words compared to male gender words. In addition, the equally strong existence of gadis and perempuan for female gender displays interesting characterisations within a gender, suggesting that each word may serve a rather significantly different purpose. This study can be scaled to examine gender representation using notably bigger corpora and is also a preliminary case study in the development of a comprehensive and annotated open dictionary of Indonesian language together with Data Science Indonesia Foundation that is congruent for computational analysis.

Index Terms—Appraisal theory, ATTITUDE, corpus linguistics, gender representation.

Lalitia Apsari is with the Descriptive Linguistic Department, Faculty of Cultural Studies, University of Indonesia, Indonesia (e-mail: lalitia.apsari@ui.ac.id).

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Cite:Lalitia Apsari, "Attitude Analysis Surrounding Gender-Related Words in Lelaki Harimau," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 103-109, 2017.

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