IJLLL 2019 Vol.5(1): 6-14 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2019.5.1.197

Power and Identity Projection in the Pearl

Lynn Mallari Besa
Abstract—Literature reflects social conditions and defines social identity where inequality and poverty are often the dominant images. Yet, the reality of teaching and learning would take literature as merely what-where-when-what requirement other than tedious and boring subject of long pages is typical in literature classes. How is language then used in grasping the holistic view of literary materials?
The study tries to explore the literary elements and linguistic instruments used to unravel critical issues and ideologies that project power and construct identity. Thus, in the conduct of the study, a qualitative critical discourse analysis is used to lay bare the critical dimensions of language used.
Findings reveal that the characters are depicted not as full, three-dimensional characters but as figures possessing certain traits that are representatives of a large number of people. The author uses several symbolisms. The story contains little dialogues while statements are written in simple sentences emphasizing the quiet intensity and simple manner of characters yet revealing power and authority. The blending of a simple, short span of words and cultural social criticism shows the beauty and depth of the story illuminating the reality of a character turning into a tragic hero. Thus, the novellete exposes social issues such as inequality, poverty and corruption and ideologies which shaped the characters behavior and constructed their identity.

Index Terms—Construction, discourse, identity, language and power.

L. M. Besa is with the Rizal Technological University (besalynn@yahoo.com).

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Cite:Lynn Mallari Besa, "Power and Identity Projection in the Pearl," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 6-14, 2019.

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