IJLLL 2019 Vol.5(2): 117-125 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2019.5.2.213

A Critical Discourse Analysis to Power Relations in Chinese TV News Interviews: A Case Study

Huang Wenjie
Abstract—This is a case study on the power relations in TV news interviews, aiming at studying the interaction in TV news interviews between interviewers and interviewees in terms of power relations. Given the significant relationship between language and power, this study adopts Fairclough’s analytical framework to conduct a critical discourse analysis to four Chinese TV news interviews. Data analysis is carried out from three aspects, the description of textual features, the interpretation of the situational context and discourse type and the explanation of social determinants that contribute to the power relations in discourse.
Findings based on the above analysis show that 1) the power relations between interviewers and interviewees in these four TV news interviews are generally equal, but interviewers still possess more power than interviewees at average; 2) power are exercised through discourse by the using of interrogative clauses, interruptions, formulations, as well as initiating turns and controlling topics; 3) the discourse type as news interview entitles journalists, the interviewers, with some natural right to exercise power, with the purpose of fulfilling their duty to cover news issue; 4) social factors like higher social status which derives from profession and age give interviewees more power than interviewers and shape the power relations in these interviews.
These findings have some theoretical and practical implications for interpersonal communications and journalism, as well as limitations for future improvements.

Index Terms—Chinese TV news interview, critical discourse analysis, power relation.

Wenjie Huang is with the Beijing Foreign Studies University, China (e-mail: crisyhuang1999@163.com).

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Cite:Huang Wenjie, "A Critical Discourse Analysis to Power Relations in Chinese TV News Interviews: A Case Study," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 117-125, 2019.

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