IJLLL 2019 Vol.5(3): 163-167 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2019.5.3.221

The Elements of 'Virtue' in The Iliad

Tugce ARAS
Abstract—The Iliad is an epic poem of Homer narrates The War of Troy between Trojans and Achaeans which takes place in ancient history and it is full of heroic stories. The Trojan War is caused by the betrayal of Helen and Paris and the war is concluded with the death of Hector and the collapse of Troy. In Homeric society, wars and being a great warrior occupy a significant place in their lives since great warriors are believed as virtuous existences. That’s why, Homer tells the great stories of great warriors. Alongside heroic stories, Homer also indicates a path to be virtuous through Achilles’ rage, dishonesty of Helen and voluptuous behaviours of Paris. He underlines these elevated elements and gives lessons from each of them to his society to praise ‘virtue’. However, it oversteps its time and place and it is able to survive until the modern world thanks to its moral messages which are still valid. In this paper, Homer’s lessons through these elevated elements related to ‘virtue’ are going to be studied and depicted with exemplifications from the poem.

Index Terms—Morality, honesty and dishonesty, rage, honour, virtue.

Tugce Aras is with Altınbas University and Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey (e-mail: tgcearas@gmail.com).

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Cite: Tugce ARAS, "The Elements of 'Virtue' in The Iliad," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 163-167, 2019.

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