IJLLL 2020 Vol.6(1): 69-75 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2020.6.1.253

Lessons Learned: Insights from Japanese L2 Conversations

Robert W. Long II
Abstract—As we are often blind to our conversational lapses and shortcomings, the presenter will discuss the issue of dysfluency based on L2 interactions by Japanese speakers based on the JUSFC2018 corpus. The study’s first aim was to examine if the number of words and mean length runs increased with proficiency, as represented by TOEIC scores (Group 1: scores 150-370; Group 2: scores 371-570; Group 3: scores 571-770). The second aim was to compare the dialogic fluency of each group of Japanese EFL learners with that of native speakers to identify significant differences regarding speaking rates, as well as acoustic, lexical and syntactical dysfluency. Results showed that the number of words only increased in the second range, before dropping in the most proficient range; likewise, mean length runs (MLRs) showed an increase from 11.2 syllables from Group 1 to 30.2 syllables in Group 2, before dropping in Group 3 to 9.7. Concerning possible differences in the number of words, Kruskal-Wallis tests showed that there were statistically significant differences in speaking rates, cross-talk pausing, the total amount of silence, the percentage of silence, length of pauses, and the use of L1 among the three groups of EFL learners and native speakers. The post hoc tests of pairwise comparisons revealed that native speakers differed from all three EFL groups. The speaker will also discuss the issue of production, in particular how individuals can be more aware of their fluency to provide more meaningful, fluent and productive interactions.

Index Terms—Fluency, shyness, proficiency, hesitation phenomenon.

The author is with Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan (e-mail: long@dhs.kyutech.ac.jp).

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Cite:Robert W. Long II, "Lessons Learned: Insights from Japanese L2 Conversations," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 69-75, 2020.

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