IJLLL 2022 Vol.8(1): 58-64 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2022.8.1.323

A Comparative Study on Genre Features of English Abstracts in Chinese and Western Aviation Academic Journals

Zhu Siwei and Zhao Xueai
Abstract—Due to the development of economy and technology, more and more Chinese scholars submit their work to international journals. However, most Chinese scholars write English abstracts based on Chinese journals’ requirements, which affects their works’ publication. Therefore, a comparative study on the abstract of Chinese and English native writers of aeronautics is necessary. While abstract genre analysis, especially English research in science and technology, has become a popular research trend in recent years, genre analyses of aeronautic paper abstract are scarce. Therefore, this research is a comparative study of English aeronautic abstracts written by Chinese and English-speaking scholars from the generic structure perspective, focusing on their genre features. This quantitative and qualitative study is based on two corpora of 60 abstracts each, respectively extracted from AAIAJ, Acta-Astronautica, AAAS, and Journal of Astronautics. In each corpus, the abstracts’ generic structures are marked manually based on Swales’s IMRD model and Antmover. The result shows that Chinese writers’ abstract structures are more complete than western authors, and western authors tend to omit the method and discussion moves. Besides, western authors are more tend to use some irregular orders than Chinese authors. This paper puts forward a new perspective for the genre analysis and hope to give some implication for the abstract writing.

Index Terms—Genre analysis, IMRD model, Aeronautic abstract, generic structure

The authors are with the School of Foreign Studies, Northwestern Polytec hnical University, 1 Dongxiang Road, Chang'an District, Xi'an Shaanxi,710 129, P. R. China (e-mail: mirandazhu@mail.nwpu.edu.cn, xazhao@mail.nw pu.edu.cn).

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Cite:Zhu Siwei and Zhao Xueai, "A Comparative Study on Genre Features of English Abstracts in Chinese and Western Aviation Academic Journals," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 58-64, 2022.

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