• ISSN: 2382-6282 (Print); 2972-3108 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Lang. Lit. Linguist.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Jason Miin-Hwa Lim
    • Managing Editor:  Jennifer X. Zeng
    • Indexed by:   CNKI, Google Scholar, Crossref,
    • E-mail: ijlll_Editor@126.com
IJLLL 2020 Vol.6(1): 1-8 ISSN: 2382-6282
DOI: 10.18178/IJLLL.2020.6.1.242

The Cognitive Semantics of Particle “out” and Its Phrasal Verbs

Fan Li, Zongxiang Feng, and Li Li

Abstract—English phrasal verbs are one of the key and difficult parts in English learning. Since the traditional linguistics holds that English phrasal verb is an integral thing that cannot be analyzed, learners can only perform rote tasks of memorization which is time-consuming and inefficient. However, cognitive linguistics holds that the semantics of phrasal verbs and their constituents, verbs and particles, are both prescriptive and analytical. These dual attributes of phrasal verbs require researchers using the relevant theories of cognitive linguistics to analyze the cognitive semantics of phrasal verbs, so that learners can master phrasal verbs systematically and efficiently. Out is situated in the second place of the usage frequency of the particle in English phrasal verbs; and the meaning of it is enormous and complex which gives much trouble and burden to leaners. The current research in the cognitive linguistics field on the particle “out” and its phrasal verbs are mainly based on spatial schema, while those without in- out spatial meaning still lacking the pursuable explanation. While conceptual metaphor and conceptual integration theory build the broader prospect for studying semantics of particle “out” and its phrasal verbs. They have a great deal of cognitive explanatory power for analyzing particle “out” and its phrasal verbs with the prototype theory and image schema.

Index Terms—Particle „out‟, phrasal verb, cognitive semantics, conceptual integration theory.

Fan Li and Zongxiang Feng are with the School of Foreign Studies, Northwestern Polytechnical University, China (e-mail: lf13259568204@ 163.com, fengzx@nwpu.edu.cn).
Li Li was with Ningxia University, she now is with Yinchuan Zhongshan Park, China (e-mail:421473752@qq.com).


Cite:Fan Li, Zongxiang Feng, and Li Li, "The Cognitive Semantics of Particle “out” and Its Phrasal Verbs," International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-8, 2020.

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